Paul Rusesabagina is a Rwandan human rights activist and author who famously hid and protected 1,268 Hutu and Tutsi refugees from the Interahamwe militia while working as a concierge at the Hôtel des Mille Collines in Kigali in the midst of the Rwandan Genocide. His heroism was the subject of the film Hotel Rwanda which was nominated for several Academy Awards. Rusesabagina has gone on establish the Hotel Rwanda Rusesabagina Foundation which fights for human rights around the world. Rusesabagina has been the recipient of many accolades and awards including the Presidential Medal of Freedom which he was awarded in 2005.
Illustration by Johnny Selman
The painting style that Rwanda is most known for is called iminongo. Imigongo art is made from cow dung and was traditionally used to decorate the huts, pottery and canvas with geometric patterns and spirals of black, white, red and grey. The art was almost totally wiped out in the Genocide of 1994, but has fortunately been saved and is enjoying a return to the Rwandan culture.
26,338 km2 (145th)
Unitary semi-presidential republic