Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist who co-founded the Cubist movement, co-invented collage as a technique, and is credited as inventing constructed or assemblage sculpture. Picasso is renowned as the most influential artist of the 20th century. Picasso made several pieces of iconic anti-war art throughout his life, the most notable being Guernica, a painting which focused the attention of the world on the Spanish Civil War. Later Picasso’s Dove of Peace, chosen as the emblem for the first International Peace Conference in Paris in 1949, became a work that he would develop into a simple drawing that is now one of the world’s most recognizable symbols of peace.
Illustration by Javier Jaén
The bombing of the Basque town of Guernica by German forces during the Spanish Civil War was forever immortalized by the Picasso masterpiece of the same name. During World War II while Picasso was living in Nazi-controlled France, a Nazi officer reportedly saw a picture of Guernica in Picasso’s apartment and asked “Did you do that?” to which Picasso responded, “No, you did.”
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Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy